According to data from the recently published Fifth State of the Region Report on Sustainable Human Development, between 2009 and 2014 social exclusion was a sharp rise in Costa Rica, it went from 10% to 17%, ,
Social exclusion is a situation of extreme deprivation, reflecting a double and simultaneous blocked access to welfare and development opportunities that are obtained in both the labor market and the State, thus creating poor living conditions.
Therefore, according to the research, this exclusion evokes a fractured society.
In Costa Rica, the inclusiveness of the State is much higher than in the rest of the Isthmus.
For example, in 2014 28% included households relied exclusively on public health services and public education and only 6% achieved inclusion through the labor market.
In contrast, in the same year Panama rates were 5% and 21% respectively. In other words, while in Costa Rica the State is the factor that most affects social inclusion, in Panama it is the labor market.
Both situations have increased in the last five years, since exclusion grew in Costa Rica due to a decline in market inclusiveness, despite continued growing State support.
This behavior is consistent with the increase in the unemployment rate in the country.
According to the study, this behavior was reflected both in rural and urban areas, because exclusion increased in both of them.