The new peace deal between the government of Colombia and the FARC, which will be signed on November 24th, was renegotiated to include opposition proposals. The original pact was rejected in an electoral process.
Here are some of the modifications included in the new deal:
-To the Congress:
The first deal, signed on September 26th in Cartagena, had to be endorsed by a plebiscite that was held on October 2th, in which the “No” option won by 53,894 votes.
After the electoral setback, the government and the FARC created another text and incorporated the opposition’s proposal. The parties agreed to endorse the new document in Congress, with has an official majority.
-It won’t go to the constitution:
The first version had to be appended to the Constitution once it had been endorsed. Now, only a temporary article will be incorporated. It will be valid during three presidential terms (12 years), and it states that “the institutions and state authorities have the obligation to comply with the deal.
-Limits to transitional justice:
A period of 10 years was established to file charges. It could be extended to 15 years. In addition, it was clarified that prosecutors should be Colombians.
-Drug trafficking and politics:
The new agreement aims to clarify the connection between the drug trafficking with political crimes.
-Property for victims:
The FARC agreed to make an inventory of their property, which will serve to compensate victims, and it will provide a list of all its members, including militants.
The political participation of FARC members remained unctouched and is the opposition’s main objection: it rejects that insurgents, risponsable of heinous crimes, can be elected to political positions before serving their sentences.