According to the world ranking published by Reporters Without Borders organization (RWB), Costa Rica occupies the sixth place in Freedom of the Press among 180 countries.
This place is privileged, only surpassed by nations like Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and the Netherlands.
According to the analysis, freedom of the press could make a big turn this year, especially in democratic countries.
According to the study, the “obsession for surveillance” and the lack of respect for the secrecy of journalistic sources make that some countries, that had previously performed well, occupy a different position, such as the United States (43th, -2 places) United Kingdom (40th, -2 places), Chile (33th, -2 places) and New Zealand (13th, -8 places).
The arrival of Donald Trump to power in the United States and the Brexit campaign in the United Kingdom were analyzed as a sounding board for ‘media bashing’ and very toxic anti-media speeches, which made the world be part of the ‘post-truth’ era, misinformation and false news,
the report stated.
In addition, in all places where the model of a strong and authoritarian man triumphed, freedom of the press receded.
The Classification is a 180-country list based on one criterion: the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists.
It values pluralism, the independence of the media, the quality of the legal framework and the security of journalists in these countries.
A team of RWB specialists, organized by geographical offices, keeps a detailed record of the attacks on journalists and the media.